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Prospect of AI security at the start of China's 14th Five-Year Plan

2021-03-10 15:58:08Source:CIOE

The importance of technological innovation to social development is self-evident. 2021 is the first year of China "14th Five-Year Plan" and the second 100-year goal. Establishing a great foundation for key core technologies is an important issue for all enterprises.


The concept of "Safe China" mentioned in the "14th Five-Year Plan" mainly refers to "coordinate development and security, and build a higher level of safe China." The specific content includes: strengthening the national security system and capacity building, ensuring national economic security and security, protecting the safety of people's lives, and maintaining of social stability. All these have put forward higher requirements for the modernization of the national governance system and governance capabilities.



A new round of technological change

For the security industry, the application of new technologies such as artificial intelligence and 5G has become a key step in the development of smart security. From a technical perspective, technologies such as artificial intelligence, cloud computing, big data, and the Internet of Things have produced more convergence and integration in the field of security video surveillance. The new technology has broken the traditional security industry's hardware-based situation and brought concepts such as software-defined cameras and cloud platforms.


With the continuous advancement of chip technology, the cost of AI computing power has been reduced; the maturity of deep learning algorithms, related frameworks, and open source software has made AI algorithms universal; the maturity of industry standards such as GB/T 28181 and ONVIF has reduced the difficulty of interconnection of video and image data; H.265/HEVC, H.266/VVC and other coding and decoding technologies have greatly reduced the cost of video image transmission and storage.


"Artificial intelligence, integrated circuits and other emerging technologies" as the next key direction of technological development are also highlighted in the "14th Five-Year Plan", which is in line with the intelligent development trend of the security industry. It is foreseeable that during the 14th Five-Year Plan period, the level of intelligence in the security industry will be further improved, and the industry will usher into a new round of technological revolution.



Global environment facing challenges in long term

The security industry, as one of the basic industries for safe city construction, will usher in a new round of development opportunities, and it will also face huge challenges in the overall market environment. The security industry has entered the era of intelligence, with continuous expansion of application areas and rapid changes in product technology. The superposition of multi-dimensional technologies, in turn, puts forward higher requirements on the technical capabilities of enterprises and raises the barriers to entry into the industry.


In addition, the international environment is currently relatively complex, and coupled with the impact of the epidemic on the overall environment and economy, global trade has fallen sharply. The U.S. government bans Chinese companies from using core components that exceed a certain percentage of "U.S. technology" and substantially increases tariffs on "Made in China" products. This has brought many challenges for domestic companies in the product supply chain. The previous Huawei / HiSilicon chip supply cut off can be a glimpse of it.



What is the trend of the new start industry?

01
Video surveillance will become a strategic infrastructure by breaking through the security boundary

With the integration of new technologies such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things, the security industry presents new business models, and the boundaries are constantly being widened. The largest sector is still the video surveillance field. According to research, video surveillance systems account for 54% of the security market and are the most important segment of the security industry. The camera is no longer just a means to achieve security, but also the most important information portal for obtaining images and videos in the era of the Internet of Things and will become a strategic infrastructure for an information society.


Prospect of AI security at the start of China's 14th 5-Year Plan


02
The downstream application market is broadened, injecting new drive into the development of the industry

The transformation of old communities has brought many new growth demands: At the end of 2017, the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development launched pilot projects for the transformation of old urban communities in 15 cities including Xiamen and Guangzhou.


According to statistics from the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, in 2019, 19,000 old communities in cities and towns will be renovated across the country. The executive meeting of the State Council on April 14, 2020 pointed out that in 2020, there are plans to renovate 39,000 old communities in cities and towns, which is double the number in 2019, focusing on the improvement of community supporting facilities and municipal infrastructure. The transformation of old communities has brought new growth demands to the security entrance and exit control and management industry, and injected new impetus into market development.


03
The demand for analysis capabilities in the middle platform is rising, and data is used to benefit users

In the era of intelligence, the analysis capabilities of the middle platform combined with big data and AI algorithms have been significantly improved. Take access control monitoring as an example. During the 2020 epidemic, access control cameras have undergone rapid functional iterations, from simple person recognition, clothing, and age feature recognition to rapid evolution to gender tracking, person trajectory tracking, and person flow path analysis. Help administrators to effectively track the route trajectory of the identified object and control the spread of the epidemic in time.


Compared with traditional security, the AI algorithm centering device can eliminate the interference factors in the surveillance scene and complete the main target path and related functional analysis. The analysis center also puts forward new requirements for the integration capabilities of security companies, not only to improve the efficiency of compatibility between the algorithm side and the front end, but also to avoid the simple application of structured data, and to truly benefit customers through analysis capabilities, to achieve high-quality big data structure and to reach excellent and precise decision-making. In general, the demand for high-end intelligent security equipment with analytical capabilities will continue to grow.


04
Biometrics technology is hot, face recognition ushered in the peak of commercial use


For smart security, personnel identification and related functions have become an important indicator of customer choice. Face recognition, as the second-largest technology category of biometrics, its commercial demand and value are growing at an unprecedented rate.


Research data shows that the market size will exceed 10 billion yuan in 2024. Throughout the field of biometrics, there is little room for improvement in fingerprint recognition, and the market has been relatively stable. Although gait recognition and palmprint recognition have room for development, the technology is still in the initial stage of development. Although iris recognition is relatively mature, it has not yet been widely implemented.


Relying on its convenience and the superiority of algorithms, face recognition has been used in full swing in the field of pan-security, and its great commercial value is rapidly transforming the technical capabilities of enterprises in the circle into visible profits.


Prospect of AI security at the start of China's 14th 5-Year Plan


05
An indispensable link: edge computing and central intelligence combined application development

With the continuous extension of security intelligence, there is an increasing demand for AI algorithms in the industry, and most smart city solutions require corresponding algorithms to implement related functions.


Taking smart transportation solutions as an example, the current street corner captures need to track the license plate, vehicle model, and driving trajectory of the vehicle, and processing these data requires lightweight data fusion. With the improvement of the hardware performance of smart cameras, more calculations are transferred to the edge, that is, the preliminary analysis and processing of data is completed at the front end to realize the liberation of the back-end computing power.


Edge computing and smart centers are indeed an indispensable part of the construction of smart cities. IDC data shows that the global edge computing market will reach 41.1 billion U.S. dollars in 2020, which is equivalent to half the output value of the security market. With the deepening of the smart era, Edge computing is bound to bring greater technical and commercial value, which is also a rare opportunity for the development of security companies.


06
The maturity of three-dimensional showing great potential

The existing video surveillance system belongs to the RGB video image system and lacks spatial information, while the new binocular cameras, structured light cameras and ToF cameras were born to solve the spatial problem. They are also called RGBD cameras. The video of the physical world is 3D, so 3D visualization is one of the important trends in the development of cameras in the future;


Secondly, most of the existing security system solutions are deployed on two-dimensional maps (GIS). With the maturity of three-dimensional technologies such as BIM (Building Information Model), CIM (City Information Model), and oblique photography, some security monitoring system has achieved a three-dimensional upgrade. For being so new, the current applications are not rich enough and have great development potential, especially the emergence of CIM is only one year away.


07
The key core of transformation: chip localization + data security

Regardless of subjective factors or the objective environment, localization and security control are irreversible trends, especially in the case of entity lists, the overall security industry has reached a critical link that is imperative for transformation. The first is the localization of chips, the second is to ensure that the security data is safe and controllable, the third is to realize the openness and sharing of data to maximize the potential of data, and the last is that all software and hardware systems need to be integrated with domestic operating systems and adaptation of the database.



Summary

Self-reliance and self-reliance of science and technology is the fundamental support for promoting the overall situation of development, and vigorously promoting independent innovation to build a safer and better modern society is the direction of all security personnel's efforts.


The "14th Five-Year Plan" is the key five years to promote the high-quality development of the industry. In order to cope with the yet-to-be-coming revolution in 2021, there is no doubt that security companies need to broaden their horizons, recognize the situation, and actively seize the opportunities brought by the national strategy and to embrace changes of the new industry.







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